Coastal Blue Carbon Study in Galveston Bay, Texas (August 2017)

This study compared carbon storage and capture in restored salt marshes versus natural salt marshes in Galveston Bay, Texas.

You can access the full report here


Coastal Blue Carbon Assessment for Tampa Bay, Florida (June 2016)

The Tampa study assessed the climate mitigation potential of Tampa coastal habitat over the next 100 years and how sea-level rise will impact these habitats. The report also provides management recommendations for habitat adaptation.

The study found that Tampa coastal wetland habitats (including mangroves, salt marsh and seagrass) will remove over 73 million tons of CO2 from the atmosphere over the next 100 years. This is equivalent to taking 160,000 passenger cars off the road every year until 2100.

You can access the full report here

See the full press release


Coastal Blue Carbon Assessment for the Snohomish Estuary, Puget Sound, Washington (Feb 2014)

The Snohomish Assessment took place in Puget Sound, WA and determined the climate mitigation benefits of estuary restoration. 

The study found that currently planned and in-construction restoration projects in the estuary will result in at least 2.55 million tons of CO2sequestered from the atmosphere over the next 100 years. This is equivalent to the 1-year emissions for 500,000 passenger cars. If plans expanded to fully restore the Snohomish estuary, the sequestration potential jumps to 8.9 million tons of CO2, equal to the 1-year emissions of about 1.7 million passenger cars. 

This study was the first of its kind and provides much needed research for assessing carbon changes in wetland habitats and for determining wetland restoration potential to mitigation climate change. For more information:
Snohomish Press Release
Snohomish Blue Carbon Assessment - Executive Summary
Snohomish Blue Carbon Assessment - Full Report


Impact Assessment: Federal Coastal Habitat Investments Support People, Fish, & Wildlife - This report highlights the positive impacts that coastal habitat restoration efforts provide for job creation, tourism, fishery production, recreation, community protection, and human health.

impact assessment report pic

View the press release here

View the full report here

Living Shorelines: From Barriers to Opportunities” provides a national assessment of institutional barriers that are preventing broader use of living shorelines and provides clear recommendations and strategies to move forward. 

The report identifies three major obstacles to broader use of living shorelines: 1) institutional inertia; 2) lack of a broader planning context; and 3) lack of an advocate. To address these obstacles, the report identifies four broad strategies, including: 1) education and outreach; 2) regulatory reform; 3) improve institutional capacity; and 4) public agencies as role models. Each strategy identifies a number of specific and actionable recommendations for decision and policy makers. 
 living shorelines rpt cvr
View the Executive Summary here.
 View full Press Release here.


Restoration Returns: The Contribution of Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program and Coastal Program Projects to Local U.S. Economies
New economic analysis by USFWS documents how federal investments in local restoration projects stimulate local economies by creating jobs and supporting local businesses. Restore America’s Estuaries is pleased to release a highly visual, executive summary of this report for non-economists and decision makers.

coastalbookletfinalpgs page 1     

RAE Press Release

Full USFWS Report

RAE Coastal Program Executive Summary: Coastal Restoration Returns

RAE Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program Executive Summary: Restoration Returns


More Habitat Means More Fish – makes a powerful case that investing in our nation’s coastlines and estuaries leads to healthy habitat and strong fisheries, which has a positive impact on the businesses and industries, both recreational and commercial, that need healthy fisheries to survive and thrive.

more habitat means more fish cover

More Habitat Means More Fish


Millions of Americans Agree: Habitat Restoration is Critical for the Environment and Economy: Letter Urges President and Congress to Fund Habitat Restoration Programs Across the Country (November 13, 2012)FINAL_Habitat_Restoration_Support_Letter.pdf


Restore-Adapt-Mitigate: Responding to Climate Change through Coastal Habitat Restoration, a new study released by Restore America's Estuaries on April 19, 2012, for the first time links ecologically important coastal habitat restoration with adaptation and mitigation strategies as a way to reduce the impacts of ongoing global climate change. The report demonstrates that coastal wetland restoration--everything from restoring salt marshes, to protecting mangroves, and creating new coastal wetlands--can be an integral part of public and private initiatives to combat climate change.

A landmark report released September 14, 2011, shows that coasts and estuaries are not only essential to the nation's economy, but that investments in coastal habitat restoration produce jobs in a cash-strapped, job-starved economy at a higher rate than many other sectors, including oil and gas, road infrastructure, and green building retrofit projects.


 RAE Jobs_and_Dollars_Report_COVER-1


Restore America's Estuaries and NOAA convened workshops in February and October 2011 to discuss and develop ideas designed to create a Coastal Restoration Corps dedicated to restoring coastal and estuarine habitats. This Corps would be unique in its approach but use elements of successful service models to bring together existing groups and volunteers on behalf of coastal habitat restoration.  The three documents below capture the outcomes from the daylong workshops.  One is a short “two-pager” and the others provide more detailed workshop overviews, along with the facilitator’s reports.  As we move forward with this initiative, we invite wide and diverse involvement, so please contact Suzanne Simon [] if you would like updates and information on how to be a part of this exciting undertaking.
Coastal Restoration Corps October 2011 Workshop
Coastal Restoration Corps Second Workshop Summary.pdf
Coastal Restoration Corps February 2011 Workshop Two-Page Overview Coastal_Restoration_Corps_workshop_two-pager_final.pdf  

Coastal Restoration Corps February 2011 Workshop Full Summary Report  Coastal_Restoration_Corps_workshop_summary.pdf


Restoring degraded marine and coastal habitat is critical if America's coasts and oceans are to reach their economic and ecological potential. Because the focus of NOAA's restoration efforts has been on restoring the ecosystem functions of degraded and damaged habitats, the agency has used biological and ecological metrics to measure the succcess of restoration efforts. Now, there is new interest at NOAA and other restoration agencies to demonstrate how restoration projects affect local economies and the overall economic well-being of the country. The following is a report prepared in May 2010 that sets out ways and means of determining those economic impacts.Read more...NOAA_RAE_BRP_Estuary_Economics.pdf


Hope for Coastal Habitats

This report from Restore America's Estuaries sheds a new light on the need for Americans to get personally involved in restoration efforts along their coasts and waterways.

Linking Coastal Habitat Restoration & People: Measuring the Effects of Restoration and Mitigation on Coastal Uses


A National Strategy provides a framework for restoring function to coastal and estuarine habitat. It seeks to ensure that restoration priorities are established, diverse programs are coordinated to maximize benefits, and public expectations are both established and met. It also supports the goal of restoring one million acres of estuarine habitat by 2010 as set forth in the Estuary Restoration Act of 2000, and it can be applied to improve the effectiveness of restoration efforts conducted under any program.

Linking Coastal Habitat Restoration and People: Using Onsite and Internet Surveys to Assess the Social Impacts of Coastal Restoration

From the Executive Summary of The Economic and Market Value of Coasts and Estuaries: What's At Stake? by Linwood Pendleton

Our nation was built from the coast. Americans, like people around the world, are drawn to the coast because of its beauty, productivity, and because our coasts are gateways to the world. The coast nurtures our frontier spirit, our need for outdoor recreation, and the constant American appetite for sweeping ocean views and quiet bayfront vistas. Coasts, coastal oceans, and estuaries are essential to ocean fisheries and aquaculture. Coasts and their waters also generate oxygen, sequester carbon dioxide, and provide habitat to plants and animals both marine and terrestrial.

In February, 2006 Restore America's Estuaries (RAE) and the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) commissioned a pilot study with volunteers from three Restore America's Estuaries member organizations, Tampa Bay Watch (FL), Save San Francisco Bay Association (CA), and Galveston Bay Foundation (TX). The goal of the study was to begin to explore if or how volunteering in an environmental context relates to conservation behaviors when not engaged in volunteering.

The report is a collaboration and celebration - collaboration of scientists and field practitioners working together to define the best practices, and celebration of the contributors of so many people striving to restore health to our nation's estuaries. Many scientists and practitioners have invested enormous time, talent and resources to advance the state-of-the-art of estuarine habitat restoration.

The Federal Funding Guide is a repository of information about federal programs that provide restoration project funding throughout the country and for a wide array of habitat, activity and recipient types. The funding guide provides a quick, comprehensive and accessible review of the often hidden federal funds that may be used to implement on-the-ground habitat restoration projects. Its design and layout provide users with easy access to critical information about funding and eligibility. In the Federal Funding Documents opportunities are listed in alphabetical order by Department.